flatMap in Java 8 (as described in the below figure) lets you replace a value with a Stream and concatenates all the streams together. You’ve already seen the map operation in this article, which replaces a value in a Stream with a new value. Sometimes you want a variant of map in which you produce a new Stream object as the replacement. Frequently...

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One way to reduce expatriate failure is by improving selection procedures to eliminate inappropriate candidates. The first step in this direction is to delineate the selection criteria for selection expatriates. Technical ability refers to the ability of a person to perform the required tasks. International firms place heavy reliance on relevant te...

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As Expatriates play a major role in international businesses, MNCs take great care in their selection process. It involves a process of determining the need for an expatriate assignment, identifying and then selection likely candidates, pre-assignment training, departure, post arrival orientation and training, crisis and adjustment of crisis and fa...

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Hr Manager is designing attractive remuneration packages for the expatiates. Any expatriate remuneration package needs to be designed to achieve the following objectives: Attract employees who are qualified and interested in international assignments. Facilitate the movement of expatriates from one subsidiary to another, from the home country to su...

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Default Methods are added to Java 8 largely to support library designers by enabling them to write more evolvable interfaces. They’re important because you’ll increasingly encounter them in interfaces, but because relatively few programmers will need to write default methods themselves and because they facilitate program evolution rather than helpi...

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An enum definition in Java is a like a class. The language provides the syntactic features that are particular to enums, but as far as the JVM is concerned, the enum is a class. In fact, an enum that is declared: public enum MyConstants{ ... } is implemented at the JVM as: public static class Enum { ... } The rules for declaring enum classes is...

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Abstract Factory pattern works around a super-factory which creates other factories. This factory is also called as a factory of factories. Abstract Factory design pattern comes under Creational Design Pattern as this pattern provides one of the best ways to create Objects. In Abstract Factory pattern an interface is responsible for creating a fact...

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The Expectancy Model goes by several other names such as instrumentality theory, path-goal theory and valence-instrumentality-expectancy(VIE) theory. The expectancy theory has its roots in the cognitive concepts of pioneer psychologists Kurt Lewin and Edward Tolman, and in the choice behavior and utility concepts from the classical economics theori...

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Flyweight Design Pattern is one of the Structural design pattern. This pattern decreases object count in heap by reusing Objects from an Object pool. This will improve application’s memory management. According to GoF, flyweight design pattern’s intent is: Use sharing to support large numbers of fine-grained objects efficiently. Flyweight design pa...

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