Administration of welfare involves decisions are
- Welfare Policy
- Organization of Welfare
- Assessment of Effectiveness
Welfare policy: The first step in welfare administration is to have a clearly defined towards it. The policy must cover willingness of the management, objectives sought to be achieved, range of facilities to be provided, and the timing of the facilities.
The question of unwillingness has only academic interest because, every employer is compelled to provide welfare either by a statue, or a precedence already established by rivals, or out of genuine interest towards employee welfare.
Objectives of welfare must be to efficiency of employees and not merely to comply with the provisions of the Factories Act, 1948; the mines Act, 1952, the plantations labor act,1951; the motor transport workers act 1961; the contract labor (Regulation and Abolition) act,1970; the merchant shipping act 1958. Since the main objective is to enhance efficiency of employees, the functional theory of labor welfare must be the management’s approach to employee welfare. However the social theory should not be forgotten.
The range of welfare has two dimensions type of facilities and coverage of employees. With regard to coverage, it may be stated that the facilities must be extended to employees at all levels in the organization.
Coming to the type of facilities, there are, as was stated earlier, two broad categories:
- Facilities inside the workplace
- Facilities outside the workplace. Some of these are to be provided compulsorily and others out of genuine concern for employee welfare. It is necessary that the employees must go beyond the statutory requirement and offer facilities that would contribute to employee loyalty, motivation and efficiency.
Happily, organizations have realized the importance of welfare. They are discovering innovative schemes and extending benefits to the employees.
Morarjee Mills, Mumbai, has a tradition of employee welfare. The company was the first to start a mill hand’s co-operative society way back in 1965 itself. As early as 1876, the mill was running a school for the children of mill hands. The housing needs of every employee in Reliance, Hazira, are taken care of by, the management. Now, the company is going a step further. Four kilnometres from the 700-acre petrochemicals complex, reliance is setting up a township project which will comprise 2000 houses. Estimated to cost around RS 35 crore, the township will include- a school, playgrounds, shopping, recreational facilities, clubs, and the like. L & T, Bangalore, has a unique scheme. The first Monday of every month is called the family Day. The employees’ families are invented to visit the plant and have lunch in the canteen. Company transport is used to bring the families to the plant and to take them back to their respective homes. Welfare activities must be provided when there is a needs for them and when the time is opportune.