What are the Objectives of Human Resource Management ?

The primary objective of HRM is to ensure the availability of a competent and willing work force to an organization. Beyond this there are other objectives, too. Specifically, HRM objectives are four folds- societal, organizational, functional, and personal.

Societal Objectives: To be ethically and socially responsible to the needs and challenges of the while minimizing the negative impact of such demands upon the organization. The failure of organizations to use their resources for the society’s benefit in ethical ways may lead to restrictions. For example, the society may limit HR decisions through laws that enforce reservation in hiring and laws that address discrimination, safety or other such areas of societal concern.

Organizational objectives: To recognize the role of HRM in bringing about organizational effectiveness. HRM is not an end in itself. It is only a means to assist the organization with its primary objectives. Simply stated, the department exists to serve the rest the organization.

Functional Objectives: To maintain the department’s contribution at a level appropriate to the organization’s needs. Resources are wasted when HRM is either more or less sophisticated to suit the organization’s demand. The department’s level of service must be tailored to fit the organization it serves.                 

Personal objectives: To assist employee in achieving their personal goals, at least insofar as these goals enhance the individual’s contribution to the organization. Personal objectives of employees must be met if workers are to be maintained, retained and motivated. Otherwise, employee performance and satisfaction may decline and employees may leave the organization.

HRM Function: In order to realize the objective stated above, HRM must perform certain functions. These functions have been stated while outlining the scope of HRM.  Generally, it may be stated that there is a correlation between the objectives and the functions. In other words, some functions help realize specific objectives. For example, the organizational objective is sought to be met by discharging such functions as HR planning, recruitment, and selection, training, and development and performance appraisal. Similarly, the personal objective is sought to be realized through such functions as remuneration, assessment, and the like. The table contains the full list of objectives and functions.

   HRM Objectives

                Supporting Functions

 Societal Objectives

Legal compliance, Benefits, Union-management relations

 Organizational objectives

 Human resource planning, employee relations, Selection, Training and development, Appraisal, Placement, Assessment

Functional Objectives

Appraisal, Placement, Assessment


Personal Objectives

Training and development, Appraisal, Placement, Compensation, Assessment

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