The E, R and G of ERG theory stand for Existence, Relatedness and Growth - the three sets of needs which are the focus of this alternative theory of human needs in organizations. ERG theory, developed by Alderfer. Argues, as Maslow did, that people do have needs, that those needs are arranged in a hierarchy and that needs are important determinants...

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Job design is the process of assigning tasks to a job, including interdependency of those tasks with other jobs. Some jobs have very few tasks whereas others will have complex set of tasks. HR specialist emphasis the job itself as a source of motivation. The process of assigning tasks to a job, including interdependency of those tasks with other jo...

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The five core job characteristics are explained as follows: Skill variety :  The degree to which a job includes difficult activities and involves the use of multiple skill and talents of the employee. Task identify : The degree to which the job requires completion of a whole and identifiable pieces work that is doing a jobs from beginning to end wi...

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Empowerment is what young job aspirants are looking for in organizations. More than monetary rewards, it is the feeling that employee owns the job that motivates him or her nowadays. Empowerment may be understood as “a process of enhancing feelings of self-efficacy among organization members through the identification of conditions that foster powe...

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Job design is affected by organizational, environmental, and behavioral factors. A properly designed job will make it productive and satisfying. If a job fails on this count, the fault lies with the job designers who, based on the feedback, must redesign the job. We now propose to elaborate the various factors affecting job design. Organizational f...

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Three categories form a hierarchy only in the sense of decreasing concreteness. As people move from a focus on existence to relatedness and to growth needs, the ways in which they can satisfy those needs become increasingly abstract. The rise in the level of satisfaction of any lower-order need may result into decrease in its importance. Its place ...

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The Expectancy Model goes by several other names such as instrumentality theory, path-goal theory and valence-instrumentality-expectancy(VIE) theory. The expectancy theory has its roots in the cognitive concepts of pioneer psychologists Kurt Lewin and Edward Tolman, and in the choice behavior and utility concepts from the classical economics theori...

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Job analysis is the process of collection job related information. Such information helps in the preparation of job description and job specification. The benefit of job analysis : Laying the foundation for human resource planning. Laying the foundation for employee hiring. Laying the foundation for training and development. Laying the foundation f...

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Job analysis is inconsistent with TQM . TQM expects every employee to be everything, while job analysis prescribes definite duties and responsibilities to each employee. Job analysis seems to be inconsistent with total quality management (TQM) which is mantra of management. TQM, its essence, implies total commitment to quality. The essential featur...

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Characteristic of an Enriched Job: Direct Feedback: Employees should be able to get immediate knowledge of the results they are achieving. The evaluation of performance can be built into the job or provide by a supervisor. Client Relationship : An employee who serves a client or customer directly has an enriched job. The client be outside the firm ...

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