Learning Organizations:  Before a learning organizations a can be Implemented, a solid foundation can be made by taking account the following: Awareness Environment Leadership Empowerment Learning Awareness: Organizations must be aware that learning is necessary before they can be developing into a learning organization. This may seem to a strange ...

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All the factors discussed in connection with interpersonal communication apply to communication in organization as well. However, there are certain features about the latter which special treatment. They are: Factors of communication. Communication flows. Communication networks. Informal communication. Factors influencing organization communication...

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Strategy Formulation: Strategy formulation is positioning forces before the action. It focus on effectiveness. It is primarily an intellectual process. It requires good initiative and analytical skills. It requires co-ordination among a few individuals. Strategy Implementation: Strategy implementation is managing forces during the action. It focuse...

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A number of contemporary issues in the design of work have emerged in the recent past. The issues include telecommunicating, alternative work pattern, technostress, task revision, knowledge work and BPRE. Firms use these to the design of work as ways to manage growing business, while contributing to a better balance of work and family life of emplo...

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There are many theories on what makes a good organization, but the following keys are used to build organizations that accomplish their goals and readily adapt to new challenges. Identifiable Aggregation of Human Beings. Deliberate and Conscious creation. Purposive  creation. Coordination of activities. Structure. Rationality.  

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Management Functions The classical analysis, which is prevalent still today takes various functions which managers at levels of an organization perform in order to achieve organisational objectives. A function is a grouping of similar activities. However what functions are undertaken by mangers in organisations, there is divergence of views because...

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Nature of Management function : Nature of management function can be identified in terms of their being universal, their iterative characteristics, sequential arrangement, and relative importance. Management functions are universal in the sense that a manger has to perform all these functions in the organization irrespective of this level or type o...

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Managerial judgement : This technique is very simple. In this managers sit together, discuses and arrive at a figure which would be the future demand for labour. The technique may involve a “bottom-up” or a “top-down” approach. In the first, line managers submit their department proposals to top managers who arrive at the company forecasts. These f...

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Situational leadership approach was applied, for the first time in 1920 in the armed forces of Germany with the objective to get good generals under different situations. In the business organizations, much emphasis on the leadership researches was placed on the situations that surrounded the exercise of leadership since early 1950s. The prime atte...

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Conflict has been defined as the condition of objective incompatibility between values and goals; as the behavior of deliberately interfering with another’s goal achievement; and as emotionally in terms of hostility. Descriptive theorists have explained conflict behavior in terms of objective conflict of interest, personal styles, reactions to thre...

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