A basic principle is that the performance of an individual depends on his or her ability backed by motivation . Stated algebraically the principle is performance = function (ability x motivation) Ability refers to skill and competency of the person to complete a given task. However ability alone is not enough. The person’s desire to accomplish th...

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The Motivation Framework indicates that motivation is a simple process. But in reality, the task is more daunting. One reason why motivation is a different is that workforce is changing. Employees join organizations with different needs and expectations. Their values, beliefs, backgrounds, lifestyles, perceptions and attitudes are different. Not ma...

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The need hierarchy of motivation, propounded by Abraham Harold Maslow is, undoubtedly the simplest and most widely discussed theory of motivation. The essence of the theory may be summarized thus Human beings have wants and desires which an influence their behavior. Only unsatisfied needs can influence behavior, unsatisfied need do not act as motiv...

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In This Post we have already learned about Maslow’s need Hierarchy Theory. Now in this post we will discuss about  the features of need hierarchy theory: 1. Human needs are wide in range and interrelated. 2. Needs are arranged in a hierarchy and the lower-level needs have to be at least partially satisfied before one moves on to the higher-level ne...

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This is very popular theory of Motivation is that proposed by psychologist Fredrick Herzberg. This model which is various termed the Two Factor theory, the dual factor theory, and the motivation-hygiene theory, has been widely accepted by managers concerned with the problem of human behavior at work. There are two distinct aspects of the motivation...

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The Two factor theory  is a popular theory of Motivation is that proposed by psychologist Fredrick Herzberg. The hygiene-motivation theory has been subjected to appreciation and criticism. The criticisms of the theory are the following : The procedure that Herzberg adopted is limited by its methodology. When things are going well. People claims cre...

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The E, R and G of ERG theory stand for Existence, Relatedness and Growth - the three sets of needs which are the focus of this alternative theory of human needs in organizations. ERG theory, developed by Alderfer. Argues, as Maslow did, that people do have needs, that those needs are arranged in a hierarchy and that needs are important determinants...

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Job design is the process of assigning tasks to a job, including interdependency of those tasks with other jobs. Some jobs have very few tasks whereas others will have complex set of tasks. HR specialist emphasis the job itself as a source of motivation. The process of assigning tasks to a job, including interdependency of those tasks with other jo...

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The five core job characteristics are explained as follows: Skill variety :  The degree to which a job includes difficult activities and involves the use of multiple skill and talents of the employee. Task identify : The degree to which the job requires completion of a whole and identifiable pieces work that is doing a jobs from beginning to end wi...

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Empowerment is what young job aspirants are looking for in organizations. More than monetary rewards, it is the feeling that employee owns the job that motivates him or her nowadays. Empowerment may be understood as “a process of enhancing feelings of self-efficacy among organization members through the identification of conditions that foster powe...

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Job design is affected by organizational, environmental, and behavioral factors. A properly designed job will make it productive and satisfying. If a job fails on this count, the fault lies with the job designers who, based on the feedback, must redesign the job. We now propose to elaborate the various factors affecting job design. Organizational f...

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Three categories form a hierarchy only in the sense of decreasing concreteness. As people move from a focus on existence to relatedness and to growth needs, the ways in which they can satisfy those needs become increasingly abstract. The rise in the level of satisfaction of any lower-order need may result into decrease in its importance. Its place ...

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